Sat, 23 Sep 2023

U.S. bravado hides a deeply damaged democracy

Independent Australia
23 Nov 2022, 16:52 GMT+10

The United States is a nation in decline and exceptionalism has blinded us into a dangerous allegiance, writes Bilal Cleland.

What is Democracy?

Abraham Lincoln, in the Gettysburg Address, 19 November 1863, gave one of the most often quoted statements about democracy.

He described it as "government of the people, by the people, for the people".

It was a state which was not approached in the USA for 100 years, until Black Americans got the right to vote.

Government "of the people" assumes all of the citizens shall be subject to the law without exception or privilege.

"By the people" assumes that all citizens shall have a role in government as voters, candidates and participants in decision-making.

"For the people" assumes that government will seek to serve the people through just and compassionate policies.

Democracy was a political goal of the English working class in the 1800s, called the Chartist Movement.

Western democracy is declining

Scott Morrison's actions are the standard for democracy in decline and it is time for Western governments to be held accountable.

It produced The People's Charter of 1838 with six demands then seen as basic requirements of a democracy.

They were:

  • universal manhood suffrage;
  • equal electoral districts;
  • vote by secret ballot;
  • annually elected parliaments;
  • payment of members of Parliament; and
  • abolition of the property qualifications for membership.

It met an extremely hostile reaction from the wealthy classes which believed civilisation would end if the charter succeeded.

All of the points except for annual parliaments were eventually accepted, including votes for women, not just men.

The secret ballot was called the Australian ballot as it was first introduced in Tasmania in 1856.

Many countries have not really overcome the problem of electoral districts which are frequently gerrymandered to suit particular interest groups. This is most marked in the USA.

Australia has largely overcome this with the appointment of independent electoral commissions to oversee such matters.

AUKUS: The militarisation of Australia

U.S.-funded think tanks continue to uncritically promote the AUKUS arrangement, writes Dr Binoy Kampmark.

Mythology of the West

Right-wing politicians talk much about "Western culture" and "Western democracy", always drawing distinctions between that pinnacle of civilisation and "the other". This is echoed by the corporate media which is controlled by very narrow interest groups.

During the War on Terror, "the other" was usually Muslim-majority countries, places portrayed as barbaric and inclined to terrorism. This suited the dominant power plays justifying the interventions in Iraq and Afghanistan, with the results we can now see so clearly.

With the rise of the Chinese superpower, which has itself adopted the Islamophobia of the West when dealing with its Muslim minorities, the dominant Western narrative has transformed into the threat of Chinese economic influence.

The rise in recent years of White terrorist-oriented groups in many democracies has led to a focus on the health of the democratic system of government.

The Economist Intelligence Unit published a study in February 2021. It found 37 per cent of the world's population still lived under authoritarian regimes.

Full democracies only account for only 6.4 per cent of the world's population. Norway tops this list, followed by New Zealand, Finland, Sweden and Iceland. Australia is ranked 9th.

Australia's U.S. alliance is leading us down a path of war against China

Our alliance with the U.S. is bringing us closer to war and now is the time to look to alternatives.

According to Eurasia Review:

The absence of a diverse and independent media is one threat to democracy which is increasingly serious in many countries including Australia.

The Fulcrum found:

Avoiding war between a rising China and a waning United States

1 October 2019 was the 70th anniversary of the foundation of the Peoples' Republic of China.

Eurasia Review states:

According to The Fulcrum, the EIU

Australia scored 8.96 points.

Donald Trump's America: A Roman reversal?

Donald Trump sending America down a path that parallels that of the Roman Empire, writes Callum Harvey.

Leader of the free world?

The United States' claim to lead the free world is becoming suspect.

The United Nations Office of Sustainable Development (UNOSD) dropped the U.S. to 41st worldwide, down from its previous ranking of 32nd. The U.S. ranks between Cuba and Bulgaria which are regarded as developing countries.

Kathleen Frydl argues that these ratings are the result of racism and exceptionalism:

Income inequality in the U.S. is severe. By the OECD's measurement, it has the biggest wealth gap among G-7 nations.

The U.S. currently ranks 21st on the UN's Development Program Index.

One great weakness in countries that are powerful - like England, the USA, Russia and China - is that they become arrogant and believe that they are exceptional.

Citizen assemblies could lead the way to better democracies

Citizen assemblies play an integral role in smart city development, allowing the people to be more involved in decision-making processes.

The English still have not learned their lesson despite Brexit, but what is now happening might awaken more of them.

The Han dominance movement which many commentators have seen in China is a sign that arrogance is not just Western.

The Hindu extremist movement in India threatens ethnic and religious minorities in that country.

The USA, however, is probably the most outstanding example of a nation that regards itself as superior to all others, with little justification.

The idea of American exceptionalism, a belief in American superiority over the rest of the world, is pervasive.

Frydl continues:

A country that is in decline, that is rich but impoverishes millions of its people, denies them adequate health care, avoids taxing the super-rich and yet wants to shape up to the booming and powerful Chinese military and economic machine, believing in its exceptionalism, is a dangerous entity for Australia to tie itself to through unwise military alliances and submarine deals.

A Republican victory, whether Trump or not, would increase the danger of military conflict which is already a serious threat.

Bilal Cleland is a retired secondary teacher and was Secretary of the Islamic Council of Victoria, Chairman of the Muslim Welfare Board Victoria and Secretary of the Australian Federation of Islamic Councils. You can follow Bilal on Twitter @BilalCleland.

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